Help is at hand for foreign doctors working in Yorkshire whose patients complain of sore "lugholes" or say they're feeling "jiggered" and can't stop "gipping".
Health officials in Doncaster, South Yorkshire have compiled a guide of local dialect and slang to help a group of seven Austrian doctors -- all fluent English speakers -- better understand their sometimes thickly accented patients.
"We recruited these doctors because of a shortage in Britain and though they all speak very good English they've struggled with the local dialect," health authority spokesman Ian Carpenter said on Friday.
"The guide includes some terms that are quite vulgar, but the doctors have found it very useful and it's also helped them integrate into life in the area," he added.
The Austrians, among the thousands of recent overseas recruits into Britain's National Health Service, will now know that "lugholes" are ears, feeling "jiggered" means exhausted and "gipping" is vomiting.
Other terms include "doofer" for penis, "tackle" for testicles and "popped his clogs" for dead.
"We're looking to hire more doctors from Spain so the guide will be all ready to help them too," Carpenter said.
Citing industry figures showing that up to 95 percent of American businesses use temporary agencies, and noting the agencies' importance for wage-earners making a transition from welfare or coping with layoffs and outsourcing, the study urges legislative or regulatory action.Study finds bias in temp agencies
The Discrimination Research Center sent out 6,200 résumés, using applicant names readily identifiable by ethnicity.
In five of seven regions of California, Arab American and South Asian names drew significantly fewer responses than the others.
Overall, Latino-named applicants fared best, receiving responses from one in three agencies. Whites, African Americans and Asian Americans followed closely, in that order.
And then there was the response rate for Arab Americans and South Asians - 27 percent overall, 23.7 percent for men.
The two regions where no bias against that group was detected were San Diego and Silicon Valley, where Arab Americans and South Asians have a well-established presence in the high-tech industries.
The study didn't explore the reasons for the disparate numbers. But the report says community leaders and "other knowledgeable observers view the gap between Arab American/South Asian applicants and everyone else as a partial result of the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the United States."
The report cites a fourfold increase in complaints filed with the American-Arab Anti Discrimination Committee and a dramatic increase in complaints to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
David Autor, an economics professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology who studies the operation of temporary labor markets, saw good news in the report, which he called "a solid study."
The degree of discrimination against applicants with Arab-sounding names, though statistically significant, was "surprisingly small," he said, in relation to the discrimination against African Americans that has been revealed by similar studies involving non-temporary clerical employment in Boston and Chicago.
He said the California figures "actually speak to the surprising positive news" that African American and Latino applicants fared well.
PLEASE CONTACT THE EUROPEANS AND STATE DEPT. WHO CALL THE MULLAH'S REGIME A DEMOCRACY - AND DEMAND THIS EXECUTION NOT TAKE PLACE!
Urgent Action, Iran: Imminent execution, Fatemeh Haghighat-Pajouh
Fatemeh Haghighat-Pajouh has reportedly been sentenced to death for the murder of her husband, who allegedly tried to rape her then 15 year old daughter from a previous marriage. She is reportedly at risk of imminent execution.
According to a 6 October report in the Iranian newspaper E’temad, Fatemeh Haghighat-Pajouh murdered her husband in 1997. At her trial she alleged that her husband, identified as a 30 year old man named Bahman, was a drug addict, who had been overtly interested in her 15-year-old daughter. She also told the trial judge that Bahman had said he had lost the girl in a gambling match. When she later discovered that he had tried to rape the girl, she killed him.
It is not known when Fatemeh Haghighat-Pajouh was arrested. According to the report in E’temad, the sentence has been upheld by the Supreme Court, although it is not known when. In Iran, all death sentences have to be approved by the Supreme Court before they can be implemented. The E’temad report states that her execution is expected to take place in the next few days.
Gunmen belonging to Fatah's armed wing, Aksa Martyrs Brigades, on Wednesday night shot and killed a Palestinian who had been suspected of selling land to Jews.
Sources in Ramallah said three gunmen stormed a local hospital and kidnapped Sami Burnat, 51, a resident of Balin village west of the city.
The kidnappers took Burnat to a nearby field, where they sprayed him with bullets, killing him instantly, the sources added.
The Aksa Martyrs Brigades issued a leaflet in which it claimed that Burnat had sold land to Jews, but did not elaborate.
Burnat had been held in a Palestinian prison in Ramallah and was being guarded by ten unarmed policemen when he was brought to hospital.
Palestinian Authority security sources told The Jerusalem Post that the victim was a member of the Village Leagues, a group consisting of several hundred Palestinians that was established and armed by Israel in 1980 in an attempt to undermine the PLO and encourage a new Palestinian leadership to emerge.
They said he was arrested recently by the PA security forces in Ramallah on charges of collaboration with Israel and involvement in land deals with Jews more than 20 years ago.
The PA has repeatedly banned Palestinians from selling lands and houses to Jews. Many Palestinians who were suspected of involvement in real estate deals with Jews have been murdered over the past few decades.
The PA Mufti of Jerusalem issued a 'fatwa' (religious decree) several years ago prohibiting Palestinians from selling land to Jews, saying those who violate would be killed.
"We, the muftis, judges, instructors, orators, imams, preachers and all Muslim scholars in Palestine, after a thorough analysis and deep thought about the consequences of selling Palestinian lands to the Jews, come to the conclusion that this would fulfill the objectives of Zionism, which aims at the 'Judaization' of Islamic holy lands, usurping them and expelling people from their homes," read the 'fatwa'.
"Reviewing the 'fatwas' issued by muftis and scholars in Iraq, Egypt, India, Morocco, Syria, Palestine and other Muslim countries, we found out that they have unanimously agreed that it is 'haram' (forbidden) to sell Palestinian lands to the Jews, and to practice brokerage activities or mediation to facilitate selling the lands by any means or under any form.
"We conclude that those who sell land to the Jews – directly or through mediation – and anyone who acts as a mediator in the selling, would not be entitled to the Funeral Prayer for the dead and must not be buried in a Muslim cemetery. We must boycott, scoff at them and not be friendly or close to them even if they were our fathers, children, brothers or husbands."
Some 70 years ago, King Abdul Aziz united this country and laid the foundations for the tremendous changes that came in the following decades. In an amazingly short time, we changed from an essentially nomadic tribal society, plagued with poverty, illiteracy and superstition into a modern country far beyond the imaginations of King Abdul Aziz and the Saudis of that day.
Unfortunately, however, the enormous strides we took were not on all levels. The status of women in Saudi Arabia is still one that is in the Dark Ages. On our recent National Day, like any good patriot, I reminded my sons of the historical significance of the day. I told them how lucky they were to be born at a time when things have changed for the better. But, I confess, within me there was a deep sadness for all that still needs to change.
Silently I kept asking myself, if I am a Saudi national, why am I treated as a second-class citizen? Why can’t I get an ID card, without anyone’s permission, proving that I am a national? Why do I need a male mediator between me and my government?
Am I not Saudi?
Why don’t I have an independent judicial entity to represent myself in court or anywhere else for that matter? Why can’t I take part in the politics of my country? Why can’t I vote or nominate myself for a political position?
Am I not Saudi?
Why can’t I travel, even if I have a mahram, without permission from a legal guardian? Why can’t I lease a house or even rent a hotel room in my own country? Why can’t I study, work, or even have surgery without male permission? Am I not just as Saudi as the males who give me permission? The list is endless...
When King Faisal opened the doors to female education in the 1950s, it was not an easy thing to do. He faced vicious opposition from people who saw female education as a threat to their beliefs and morals. King Faisal, however, was armed with the knowledge that he was doing right and he stood firm. Today, we all see the wisdom of his decision and his stance. Educated Saudi women are contributing to society in a way our grandmothers never could. From raising an educated generation at home to taking part in whatever society allows them to do, Saudi women have shown extraordinary capabilities and patriotism. Women graduate at a younger age than men and often take jobs that involve commuting hundreds of kilometers and doing double the normal work for half the normal pay. Saudi women who have had opportunities abroad have shown that they can be good pilots, lawyers and even UN representatives. We have great potential; we are a virtually untapped national resource.
Opinion surveys concur that Europe heavily favors Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry. But, beyond the numbers, conversations reveal a broad belief that the Atlantic Ocean is wider than at any time in modern memory.
Jillie Faraday, a British filmmaker based in Paris, still loves to visit American friends. She knows the society well, avoiding generalities that often lead its critics astray.
Still, she excoriates the Bush administration because of Iraq. "Can't they see that they're just making more terrorists, more bitterness, more frustration?" she asked.
And she thinks a Republican cabal is conning an apathetic, foolish mainstream. She is outraged, for instance, at the new electronic voting system in Florida which leaves no paper record.
"If they tried to do that in anywhere in Europe, people would riot in the streets," she said. "Americans are fed propaganda, and they say it's democracy."
Most Europeans questioned said they were more opposed to Bush than in favor of Kerry. Few have firm opinions yet on the Democratic candidate. Many question his ability to rally Europe on Iraq, should that be his intention.
For Amanda Farrant, 36, a King's College expert on Middle Eastern borders, Bush's America is downright dangerous. By removing Saddam Hussein, she said, coalition forces gave the Middle East its first chance at regional cooperation in decades.
"But the way American and British troops went in, disbanding the border guards, you really have to wonder what brain cells are working up there," Farrant said.
She was disgusted when U.S. authorities recently turned back singer Yusuf Islam, the former Cat Stevens, as a terrorist risk.
"I'm afraid all sorts of things are turning people off about America," she concluded.
Arab leaders tried to warn Bush to gain more support and plan for a postwar transition, she said, but instead Washington is confronted by a region full of angry, frustrated people.
Views are poignant in Germany, where fresh generations are rejecting the old postwar attachment to an American ideal.
Vending machine executive Paul Bruehl worries about what he calls Bush's Christian fundamentalism. "In world dealings, you need intercultural dialogue, with Muslims, with Buddhists, with everyone," he said by phone from Cologne.
But the strongest feelings are in France, which dates its trans-Atlantic friendship to the Marquis de Lafayette's help against the British in the American Revolution.
French Foreign Ministry officials say privately they laugh off anti-French slurs. But they describe a deep-seated unease with Washington, pushing them closer to European partners.
Among ordinary Frenchmen, the feeling is clear.
"We no longer feel much sentiment for America," remarked Laurence Torno. Her husband, a softspoken dentist, agreed. "It is too aggressive, too full of itself."