Penraat's story begins in Nazi-occupied Amsterdam. He saw the increased persecution of the Jews by the Nazis and, for a year and a half, helped them by providing them with forged ID cards with non-Jewish sounding names. Working as a draftsman and being the son of a printer, forgery was an easy tool for Penraat, Talbott said.
The Nazis would eventually catch wind of the Penraat's scheme and imprisoned him for six months. During that time he was tortured and kept in bad conditions.
"He came out (of jail) really sick," recounted Noëlle Penraat, his daughter. "It took him a long time to get better."
By the time Penraat was released, Nazi oppression had reached the point that simple ID cards were no longer a help.
"The Nazis kept upping the ante," Talbott said. "Jaap felt he needed to step up as well."
Six months in jail not only didn't shake Penraat's resolve, but it gave him an idea. In prison, Penraat learned of networks used to get downed fighter pilots back to the Allied forces. Penraat searched for and found a similar network to get Jews out of Amsterdam, according to Talbott.
Through a friend, Penraat obtained letterhead for a construction company and forged orders for construction workers to go to France to work on the Atlantic Wall. Penraat himself led a group of 20 Jewish boys posing as construction workers to go Lille, France. From there someone else would take the boys to England, where many joined the British army and fought against the Germans.
Penraat made the trip 20 times and saved 406 lives in all. However, those who knew him say he thought no more of that feat than it was the right thing to do.
The meeting had been called to discuss the terrible events of the previous day. How should British Muslims respond, especially if, as seemed possible, fellow Muslims had carried out the explosions?That makes sense; after 9/11 the French are the prime suspects in every terror attack.
"I don't believe Muslims could have done this," someone said. Maybe it was the French." France had, two days earlier, on July 6 2005, lost out to the United Kingdom in its bid to host the 2012 Olympics.
The release of today's video statement from Shehzad Tanweer appears to confirm the widespread view that the four 7/7 bombers had indeed been radicalised by aspects of our country's foreign policy and participation in the wars against Afghanistan and Iraq.
The head of an exiled Iranian opposition group accused Western nations on Wednesday of appeasing Tehran with incentives to halt uranium enrichment that she compared to moves to placate Hitler before World War Two.
Maryam Rajavi, leader of the National Council of Resistance of Iran, said she had clear indications that Tehran would not give up its enrichment activities and that diplomatic efforts by the European Union and the United States to avert a crisis were only rewarding the Tehran government's strategies.
"The further they move forward, the more concessions the West is making," Rajavi told a news conference at the European Parliament in Strasbourg. "So incentive measures are just precipitating a monumental disaster."