If authorities try to send 7-year-old illegal immigrant Ikram Belhout back to Algeria, they'll have to get through Francine Le Cadre first. The 73-year-old retired social worker is among a swelling corps of volunteers resisting government efforts to step up deportations of immigrant families with children — including by hiding illegals from police if needed.
"This is resistance," said Le Cadre, recalling how her father had been deported to Germany in World War II. "Sometimes you have to do illegal things against the decisions your country takes."
The trial of Koptsev, who was convicted in March, has become a high-profile test of Russia's hate crime laws amid rising xenophobia and anti-Semitism in the country.
The Federation of Jewish Communities in Russia has argued that a penalty against inciting interethnic hatred contained in article 282 of Russia's Criminal Code should be used more often - including in Koptsev's case.
"What matters for us is not the sum of years in jail, but that the judicial system shows that it is using article 282," federation spokesman Timur Kireyev said.
Princeton University historian Bernard Lewis, the dean of American Middle East scholars, flatly predicts that Europe will be Islamic by the end of this century "at the very latest."
George Weigel, a leading American theologian, frets about "a Europe in which the muezzin summons the faithful to prayer from the central loggia of St. Peter's in Rome, while Notre Dame has been transformed into Hagia Sophia on the Seine--a great Christian church become an Islamic museum."
Lewis and Weigel represent a trend among American thinkers who say they fear Europe's doom if it does not re-Christianize, and soon. Most European experts believe those fears are exaggerated.
"In my opinion, my blog was singled out and blocked because I – a Saudi female – wrote about romantic escapades in Arabic, plus I committed the 'ultimate sin' by mentioning the name of God in those posts," she explained. "To a Saudi male, romance is only allowed if written in English or by a male. It definitely isn't tolerated if it's written by a Saudi female, let alone in Arabic."Saudi women unveil opinions online
Saudi Eve is not the only blogger to feel the wrath of conservative bloggers. Aziz, too, has had her run-ins with OCSAB and Green Tea, saying that they have threatened her in comments left on her site.